The story of Grange is a modern epic of imagination, a battle against the odds, and redemption. Penfolds, then family-owned, sent a young, inquisitive winemaker, Max Schubert (1915-1994), to Europe after World War II. His primary mission was to study sherry production, but a side-trip to Bordeaux led to the extraordinary development of Penfolds Grange. On his return to Adelaide, Schubert sourced Shiraz grapes from the Grange Vineyard at Magill and from the Honeypot Vineyard south of Adelaide at Morphett Vale to make his first, experimental, 1951 Grange, named after the house and vineyard established by Dr Christopher Rawson Penfold and his wife Mary in 1844. Using ground-breaking technology developed by Penfolds scientist Dr Ray Beckwith (1912-2012), by which wine could be accurately controlled and stabilised, Schubert established a unique wine style based on warm-climate Shiraz fruit, barrel-fermented in the final stage of vinification, and then matured in new, American oak hogsheads. In 1957, Penfolds ordered an end to Grange production, but the winemaking team continued to make it in secret. The early development of the Grange style, the story of the ‘hidden’ vintages (1957, 1958 and 1959), the controversy surrounding the wine, and the astonishing show success of the 1955 vintage, is the stuff of legend. Grange includes a significant proportion of Barossa Shiraz, particularly from the Kalimna Vineyard, planted in the 1800s and purchased by Penfolds in 1945. This vineyard has contributed fruit (except for 1957) since 1953. Typically, however, Grange is a multi-vineyard, multi-region blend based on a warm-climate Shiraz fruit profile: dark-chocolate/ dark-berry aromas, buoyant fruit and ripe, dense tannins. McLaren Vale and Magill Estate contribute the balance of Shiraz; a small proportion of Cabernet Sauvignon from Coonawarra, Padthaway, Robe or Bordertown may be included. Penfolds Bin 95 Grange Shiraz is an exquisitely-perfumed, concentrated wine which combines the intensely-rich fruit and ripe tannins of Shiraz with the fragrance and complementary nuances of new, fine-grained American oak. The splash of Cabernet Sauvignon commonly in the blend enhances aromatics and palate structure. The best vintages have a lifespan of 50 years and more.