A steep hilly region surrounded by the Alps of Switzerland, France and the Italian Apennines, Piedmont is prized for its red wines which are amongst Italy’s finest and most complex. The region has a continental climate with long cool autumn weather allowing steady ripening and producing fragrant, ripe fruit. Piedmont prides itself on having 51 DOC and DOCG zones with these classified wines making up over 60% of production. There is over 52,500 ha of vineyard area dominated by the red grape varieties; Nebbiolo, Dolcetto and Barbera. The most notable, long-lived and prestigious wines are those of Barolo and Barbaresco, made from the Nebbiolo grape, many of which take decades to reach maturity. The region also produces fragrant whites Gavi and Arneis and beautiful, perfumed sparkling Moscato styles.