Burgundy is renowned for producing some of the most elegant and sought after wines of the world. Spread over 230km with 50,000 ha of vineyards and over 110 different appellations, the region resembles a veritable patchwork quilt of vineyards. The principal grape varieties of the region are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Gamay. Burgundy’s climate is northern continental, ranging from cool marginal conditions in Chablis in the north to the warm climate of Beaujolais on its southern boundary. The classic “Burgundy” wines come from the central part of the region known as the Côte d’Or. Burgundy has a hierarchical classification system based on the quality of the vineyard site. The best vineyards are “Grand Cru” and are usually located on the slopes with the most favourable aspect and soils. Premier Cru (1er Cru), Village and generic Bourgogne wines follow in descending order. There are 30 Grand Cru vineyards mostly located in the Côte d’Or and over 560 Premier Cru sites.