The Macedon Ranges, an hour’s drive north east of Melbourne, is regarded as one of the coolest mainland wine regions. In early 1980’s a number of enthusiasts planted vineyards, mostly to early ripening cool climate varieties of Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. The region is largely of volcanic origin with skeletal soils ranging from grey granitic sandy loams to weathered basalt clay. Topography is undulating, sometimes steep, with the best sites in the lee of the prevailing winds. Most of the vineyards are on elevated sites around 500 metres with frost risks fairly high in early spring and late autumn. Macedon Ranges is best known for elegant cool-climate Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris and sparkling wines.